Jak umiera człowiek?

Human life is a process. It is the process of becoming and ceasing to be a human being and
it is a process of becoming and ceasing to be a human person. I accept the distinction between
being a human being and being a human person and distinguish further – future, present,
and past human persons. The main problem of the paper is when do we become past persons?
Having distinguished and presented four distinctive modi of human dying (hospital death, hospice
death, nursing home death, and death at home) I concentrate on the problem of good
death and ask what are the goods of the dying person. The goods are: life, the good of the
mind, the good of the body, the good of the communal life, and (paradoxically) the good of
death. The decision who is a terminal patient is a moral one and implies two different strategies
with regard to life: the affirmation of life, and the affirmation of death strategy. The first
one, based on the concept of respect for human life, ignores the value of human dignity. The
second one assumes that we should respect not only human biological life, but the whole human
person, and we cannot respect the whole person if we do not respect her freedom of choice
and her right to self-respect. Care for the artificially sustained but absolutely personless human
life, is not a proper terminal care but rather is post-terminal care, and as such requires
other, special justification.

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