Marksowska kategoria uczonego burżuazyjnego


The paper is an attempt to discuss the cognitive sense of the thesis about the class determination of the humanities. It starts from the reconstruction of the capitalist preferences which make up an axiological structure of an ideal subject of the capitalist class. Then the relation between these preferences and some theories formulated by classical political economy is discussed.

The analysis of these relations allows for a formulation of the hypothesis that preferences of a scientist who represents a definite social class influence theoretical solutions of his problems in a fundamental way. The relations between evaluations and scientific results tend to strengthen the role of preferences as the capitalist formation grows, i.e. as the period of free competition economy passes away. The discovery of this tendency occasioned Marx’ remark about “the eclipse of political economy”. The paper is an attempt to interpret this thesis. According to the author the thesis may be stated as follows: as long as the theory of political economy is based on an axiological structure connected to the period of free competition, its theorems undergo increasing vulgarization.