O definiowaniu sądów, zasad i kodeksów moralnych

ON DEFINING MORAL JUDGMENTS, PRINCIPLES, AND CODES

This is a “material” conception of morality holding: a) that normative judgements, principles, and codes are moral ones if and only if, besides being universalized, they are backed, at least when challenged, by reasons consisting of facts about what actions, traits of character, etc., do to the sentient lives of those affected, including others if affected; b) that such facts constitute moral considerations or reasons because they matter from a certain point of view that includes a certain conative disposition; and c) that this point of view is the moral one just because it includes a conative disposition responsive to such facts (not necessarily because it, in turn, is justified by appeal to such facts or to facts of any other restricted kind).

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