O najwyższej normie w etyce Bradleya


The purpose of the present article is to reconstruct the axiological contents of the norm “My station and its duties” in the ethics of Bradley. As the ethics of Bradley is only a fragment of his metaphysics, reconstruction of these contents requested an investigation of his arguments in favour of the norm “My station and its duties”, contained in his philosophical doctrine. Among them the conception of goodness as an attribute of the Absolute has been found which is realized in the sphere of volitional activity of the man.

Owing to the assumption that the goodness is an attribute of the Absolute, Bradley could determine the Scope of the conception of morality without recourse to persuasive definitions, and moreover, he could effectively oppose teleological ethics. Bradley presumed that the characteristics “good” distinguishing those actions in which the mentioned attribute is realized can be identified neither with any other attribute of the Absolute (e.g. with truth or beauty), nor with any of its empirical qualities. This conception of Bradley has made him a precursor of Moore’s conception of “naturalistic fallacy”.

One of the main psychological arguments of Bradley is his distinction between the idea of a pleasant state and that of a pleasant impression, which, adopted by Moore and Schlick, will take a permanent place in the hedonistic theory in psychology.

In the last paragraph the author tries to reproduce Bradley’s axiology and to show that the conviction of the author of Appearance and Reality that most of vitally precious values are mutually non-reducible (and this fact is an unremovable reason of contradictions of all human actions), leads him finally to a Manichaean vision of the world. According to the author, this conviction is also a reason to modifications of Hegel’s metaphysics performed by Bradley in the course of its adaptation to this own needs.