Paradoks słabej woli

JOANNA GÓRNICKA

THE PARADOX OF WEAK WILL

The paper presents the classical and the modern discussions concerned with weakness of will, i.e. with psychological phenomenon of acting against one’s better (moral) judgement. The author examines three views of a possible discrepancy between moral conviction and action. In Socratic view (I) no one willingly does wrong because of the resulting evils for himself; for Aristotle (2) so-called incontinent (acratic) actions result from the lack of virtue or from the defective form of awareness: according to Hare’s prescriptivist doctrine (3) it is logically impossible for a man to fail to do what he believes he ought to do because it is the prescriptivity of “ought” that implies “can”.

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