Pojęcie przeznaczenia i problem wolności w poematach Homera i wierzeniach orfickich

THE NOTION OF FATE IN ORPHEUS’ TEACHINGS AND HOMER’S POEMS

The paper focuses on a problem of human freedom in Homer’s poems and the Orphic creeds. First efforts at defining the human autonomy can be found in Greek myths. Later philosophical conceptions follow them.

In Homer’s poems, three notions connected with human freedom were in use: the great heart, the reason and the fate. The autonomy of human being consisted in acceptance or refusal of the laws of Moira. According to Orphic beliefs, human freedom was based on the knowledge of good and evil, and of birth/death cycles.

The comparison between these two traditions makes a good starting-point for reconstruction of an ancient concept of man.

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