Słuszność i obowiązek w systemie etyki W. D. Rossa

Stanisław Soldenhoff

RIGHTNESS AND DUTY IN THE ETHICAL SYSTEM OF W. D. ROSS

The subject of the present article, which presents a part of a Doctor Thesis dealing with the ethics of W. D. Ross, are some selected problems of the deontological part of that ethical system. The analysis relates to Ross’s attitude in meta-ethics, as well as his concepts in the sphere of normative ethics.

Part one contains a detailed study of Ross’s views concerning the interpretation of rightness, his criticism of different kinds of naturalism, views of neopositivists and those of Moore. After an attempt at evaluation of Ross’s controversy with utilitarianism, the author passes on to a discussion of the positive conclusions made by Ross in deontology, with particular stress on his concept of prima facie duties and concrete duties. Besides the epistemological aspects of the aforementioned concept of twofold duties, the author also comments in some detail Ross’s model of a code of duties. In the study of that code, particular emphasis is laid on its pluralistic structure and the ‚personalistic’ character of the majority of its directives.

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