Uzasadnienia moralne



The paper gives an account of the commonly used methods of justification of moral judgements. The author distinguishes six main types of moral arguments: 1) referring to some fact; 2) referring to one’s feelings or emotions; 3) referring to the possible effects of one’s action; 4) referring to some moral code; 5) referring to one’s moral competence; 6) referring to the voice of conscience. The author gives some concrete illustrations and detailed analyses of each of these argumentation. She concludes that in normal practice these types are used in different mixed forms. All of them show some strength in making our action morally justified, but they can also serve as a means of manipulation. Hence it is practically important to be able to tell them apart in any concrete case of moral argumentation.