On Elzenberg’s Axiology
In Elzenberg’s system axiology splits into the formal and the material one. His formal axiology is monocategorial: all values fall into one ontological category, i.e. into the category of states of affairs. One has to distinguish utilitarian and perfective value: any axiology admitting utilitarian values only is a naturalistic one. However, distinguishing these two kinds of value is a very difficult task. In material axiology Elzenberg represents a pessimistic idealism, which is illustrated by his views on the idea of nationality and the phenomenon of warfare as its corollary.